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Incremental Development Manual: Toward a Cooperative Model of Housing in Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia)

by: Joshua Bolchover , Jersey Poon VOLUME 7/2022 - Issue 2 [The Right to Housing], Pages: 503 - 527 published: 2023-01-20

The population of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, has increased by 197% in the last twenty years, resulting in the creation of sprawling districts with no basic infrastructure that house over 60% of the city’s population. Current development plans are proving ineffective as they require huge investments toward land-owner compensation and infrastructure, and rely on developers for implementation. As an alternative, we have developed a strategic framework for sustainable and affordable district upgrading for these sites as an Incremental Development Manual. The manual offers a strategy for in situ development that accommodates incremental growth and collective improvements to residents’ shared plots. It operates on a small scale, working on the mutual benefits of four households working together as the basic unit for all further transformation. This paper will demonstrate how this strategy reflects the diversity of housing needs and incomes of ger district inhabitants, and discusses potential financial tools for housing and infrastructure provision, including the potential for cooperative development. 

 Open Access
Book Review

Microalgae Building Enclosures: Design and Engineering Principles

by: Daekwon Park VOLUME 7/2022 - Issue 1 , Pages: 231 - 235 published: 2022-07-06


Microalgae Building Enclosures: Design and Engineering Principles

By Kyoung Hee Kim

New York: Routledge, 2022

7 x 0.5 x 10 in.

188 color illustrations

254 pages


March 29, 2022

ISBN: 9780367410452

 Open Access
Book Review

Reframing Chicago’s Residential Architecture

by: Robert Weddle VOLUME 6/2021 - Issue 1 , Pages: 271 - 276 published: 2021-05-07


Modern in the Middle: Chicago Houses 1929-1975 

By Susan S. Benjamin and Michelangelo Sabatino

New York: The Monacelli Press, 2020

279 mm x 203 mm

325 illustrations

296 pages

$ 60 hardcover

September, 2020

ISBN: 978-1580935265


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A Productive City in a Time of Pandemics: Healthy Food Access as Justice in Baltimore

by: Cristina C. Murphy , Carla Brisotto VOLUME 5/2020 - Issue 2 [HEALTHY URBANISM], Pages: 447 - 472 published: 2021-01-12

Inequity is the underlying cause of today’s major societal health dilemmas. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines social health as “the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age.” The success of this sequence depends on the distribution of money, power, and resources. Food is central in everyone’s life: an extended commitment for an equitable access to healthy food is necessary--even more during times of isolation due to the COVID19 pandemic. Focus group studies with community residents are important in increasing public understanding and community engagement around food accessibility, prevention of “food deserts,” and associated health issues. Urban United Roots, an organization discussed in this paper, offers an overview on how Baltimore, Maryland is assisting access to healthy food both spatially (elimination of food desert) and socially (achievement of food equity). This Baltimore-group addresses healthy food options that impact every aspect of the quality of life through the Honey Badger Promenade project in Harlem Park.

 Open Access

Disaster Planning Across Scales: Lessons from Post-Earthquake Rubble Management in Oaxaca, Mexico

by: Dení López , Michael Hooper VOLUME 5/2020 - Issue 1 , Pages: 221 - 250 published: 2020-06-10

This paper examines rubble management as an important but often neglected component of disaster response and a powerful example of the frequent disconnect between national plans and local action. It focuses on five marginalized municipalities in Oaxaca, Mexico: Ciudad Ixtepec, Asuncion Ixtaltepec, El Espinal, Juchitan de Zaragoza, and Santa Maria Xadani. These constitute the region most affected by the Mexican earthquakes of September 2017, with roughly 58% of inhabitants suffering either partial or total loss of their houses. The paper builds on the results of fifty-one interviews, a cross-sectional survey with 384 residents, and a mapping analysis to reveal the challenges of post-disaster planning across scales. The results show that local perspectives were given little consideration in nationally-led rubble management plans, and that these documents were likely shaped by concerns over what constituted institutional legitimacy, rather than attention to local context. The paper concludes with a discussion of the findings through the lens of institutional isomorphism and offers recommendations for more effective post-disaster rubble management, particularly centered on increasing the involvement and capacity of residents, municipal governments, and other key institutions.

 Open Access
Book Review

Wet Architecture

by: Elizabeth Farrelly VOLUME 8/2023 - Issue 1 , Pages: 185 - 189 published: 2023-07-07